Friday, July 29, 2016

Greetings from Michigan: "Si Quæris Peninsulam Amœnam Circumspice" [If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you]

Statue of Ransom E. Olds.
A much-anticipated day trip.
This Oldsmobile is an electric model from 1899.
A "personal luxury car", the Oldsmobile Toronado.
The Lansing City Market. The colorful structure (Tall Building!) overlooks the minor league baseball stadium for the Lansing Lugnuts.
"The Michigan State Capitol opened on January 1, 1879, to great acclaim. Designed by architect Elijah E. Myers, Michigan’s Capitol holds a special place in American history . . . It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1992."

Official language for bond referendum going to voters on Tuesday, November 8th and don't forget that failed challenge. . .

. . . by Commissioner Chris McVoy, PhD, and his good friend Mrs. McGiveron of the CAUT PAC. First, the ballot language by the City to repair the roadways and potholes:

Bonds for Road Improvement Projects in Lake Worth

Shall the City be authorized to issue general obligation bonds for the exclusive purpose of improving local roadways and eliminating potholes in an amount not to exceed forty million dollars, payable from annual ad valorem taxes maturing no later than thirty years from the date of each issuance and bearing interest at a rate not exceeding the maximum legal rate with all expenditures reviewed by a citizens advisory committee?

For bonds________ Against bonds________ 

The challenge laid down by Vice Mayor Scott Maxwell was accepted by critic of the City's bond and had twelve (12) days to complete it. All they had to do was craft their own, alternate, ballot language for the City Commission to consider. They failed or maybe didn't even try. However, just minutes after Maxwell's challenge citizen/reporter Peggy Fisher took this video: So much for leadership.

Volunteers needed and more bad news about Lake Worth's Sister City Board. How am I going to explain this to Lappeenranta?

According to the City website and calendar no meeting is scheduled in August as yet. If you would like to volunteer to serve on the Sister City Board please use this link. Or if you wish call Silvina Donaldson, the City's Volunteer Coordinator at 561-586-1730 or email sdonaldson@lakeworth.org 

UPDATE: I received information on July 18th that the Sister City Board had finally reached a quorum, after 3 months. But I've come to learn this may be false according to a trusted source. What I've learned is two more people got booted off the board for non-attendance, something Commissioner Ryan Maier knows a thing or two about, since he was also booted off for not attending meetings.
For more backup on this letter use this link.
Commissioner Ryan Maier is the City's liaison to that board. Whether he's not providing direction or not inspiring his board is a moot point now. It's simply inexcusable to not reach a quorum for 4 months in a row.
An urgent appeal for help from a Sister City Board member, Maryann Polizzi: Call 561-685-6010 or email poli510@bellsouth.net
The City Commission needs to take action to resolve this situation once and for all. Our Sister City in Finland deserves better:
Image from Wikipedia. I met Finnish visitors last month and they told me all kinds of wonderful things about the city. .
"Lappeenranta has a colourful history, lying as it does on the border between two different cultures . . . In 1649 Queen Christina of Sweden signed the instrument of foundation, including an emblem, a savage, for the new town. The town received its Swedish name Villmanstrand ('wild man’s shore') from the savage figure in the emblem."
The Finnish people share a long history with our City of Lake Worth. Kerhotalo, the American Finnish Club, is located not far from the City.

Blast From the Past: Lake Worth Rotary's 50th Anniversary (39 years ago). What are you doing next Wednesday?

The Lake Worth Rotary Club is very active in Lake Worth. This is from their website:

"The Lake Worth Rotary always has their doors open to new membership. If you are interested in becoming a Rotarian, please don’t be shy and come visit us. We meet at the Lake Worth Brogues Down-under for lunch every Wednesday. Please contact us first so that we can insure we reserve a seat and accommodate you."
Photo from a recent Rotary award ceremony: The ubiquitous Mary Lindsey (left), Lake Worth Rotary Pres. Nadine Burns (center), along with the City's Marketing & Events Manager Lauren Bennett.
Use this link to contact the Rotary if you're interested in learning more. Below is a Blast From The Past: Rotary's 50th Anniversary in Lake Worth (in 1977):
Front cover
Inside the front cover.
An advertisement in the book.

[For those of you who missed this. . .] Video—A new generation with hope and dreams, replacing all that negativity, doom and gloom about our City's future

Already read this? Thank You for visiting and please scroll down.

Below is a video of 22-year-old Ariana Peters at the Lake Worth City Commission on January 5th, 2016, giving testimony why she believed the re-zoning of the Gulfstream Hotel should be approved. At the 1:00 mark she says:

"I believe the Gulfstream project is not only the right step but also a very crucial step in the right direction. I thank the board for their consideration of this project and I'm looking forward to the re-opening of this great landmark bringing people to Lake Worth who have always been hesitant [emphasis added] and to finally showing off our town's incredible Downtown and one of the best assets Lake Worth has to offer. Thank you." [standing applause follows]To read more about Ariana Peters read this recent article by Dan Weil in The Real Deal: South Florida Real Estate News.

Do you remember all the hand-wringing by a few malcontents that the re-zoning for the Gulfstream Hotel would have such a huge impact and devastate the City? And on the subject of building heights in Lake Worth, use this link to learn about 'overwhelming' heights vote in 2013—that wasn't overwhelming by any means—and the lies that continue to this day:
If you look real close. . . do you see that little white dot? That is the property that was re-zoned for the Gulfstream Hotel redevelopment.

Press Release from the Cultural Council of Palm Beach County

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Lake Worth, Florida – The Cultural Council of Palm Beach County offers Northeast residents the perfect chance to plan a quick escape from the stifling Heat Dome—an upcoming week and weekend filled with arts and culture, 45 miles of Atlantic shoreline, and temperatures lower than in the Northeast.
     With more nonstop flights available from East Coast gateway cities than ever, getting to The Palm Beaches is easier than getting to most shore destinations—including the Hamptons. Cool ocean breezes and more cultural venues per capita than anywhere south of Atlanta make The Palm Beaches an ideal getaway now.
     Best of all, guests who want to take advantage of rich arts and cultural experiences have at their disposal Palm Beach County’s very own cultural concierge, who will curate your cultural itinerary in The Palm Beaches.

Easy target for myth-makers: Residential neighborhoods, zoning, 'home occupations', and that mythical city called Key West

Below is a blog post from last year when the issue of changing zoning (or as some call "upzoning") created such a stir in the community. That kerfuffle has since quieted down but proponents of the idea have not given up, and neither have those who oppose this idea who are paying very close attention to the political maneuvering.

Interestingly, when this idea was first made public, proponents of changes to broaden the zoning code on home occupations promised neighborhood meetings to explain their position but those never happened. Instead they've taken a different approach that is much less open to input and public discussion.

One such City commissioner who supports this idea, you can guess which one, is the same who now wants more meetings, discussion, and charrettes on the upcoming bond to fix all the roads and potholes. OK. Fine. Then why not have public discussion about ideas to change the zoning code that will affect nearly every property owner in Lake Worth? How one squares those two positions is mind-numbing and hypocritical as well. Without further ado. . .

Understanding zoning can be a confusing thing to understand. There is a persistent buzz about zoning in Lake Worth that continues to churn in the rumor mill, albeit quietly, about some elected's desire to change zoning to allow for 'home occupations' throughout the Citylike some other wonderfully 'tolerant' cities do—Key West, Florida is always on that short-list. There's just one problem: it's not true.

It is easy to get carried away with what you think a situation may be in another city. The viewpoint you hold may be influenced by anecdotal evidence, word of mouth, tourism advertising, political manipulation, etc. There seems to be the expectation that Key West would be a thriving home to people working out of their homes in sort of an artist's Garden of Eden.

Well, I checked their code and Key West is as strict or moreso than Lake Worth's when it comes to home occupations in residential districts. So the image that some may have of Key West's 'progressive' artsy mystique is untrue as it relates to what you can do. It's also easy to not know what is zoned residential and what is commercial if you are just visiting a town and you don't have a zoning map with you. How many people carry zoning maps around with them?

There are other cities around the nation that can serve as models for such an ordinance if it ever does become a legitimate topic of debate, but I caution everyone not get carried away with romantic notions that may not be based in reality. I know that can be a challenge here in the charming little City of Lake Worth, especially for those who. . .

. . . prior to being elected complained about traffic and congestion in their downtown neighborhood where home occupations are not allowed. . . precisely to cut down on traffic and congestion in downtown neighborhoods.

[Re-post] Instruction for reporters who care, both print and TV news: What Is and What Is Not the City of Lake Worth

What follows, in detail, is the definitive instruction on the municipal borders of the City of Lake Worth. Given recent articles and false headlines in The Palm Beach Post and TV news too, it's once again time to re-post this information. For example, use this link for a list of false news reports that will be updated soon. And a question, don't newsrooms have maps?

When a news report claims "Lake Worth" as the location of a crime, for instance, many conclude that this happened in the City of Lake Worth. That ends up being the public's perception, to the detriment of the image that we are trying to build. After all, we are proudly different from those vast areas that reach all the way to the turnpike, and south toward Boynton Beach. All of those places with a Lake Worth mailing address are in the unincorporated area of Palm Beach County.

Gather 'round news media. Enter the world of "on-line classroom" as you are about to receive a Master Class on what IS Lake Worth and what IS NOT Lake Worth.
Note the orientation of this Lake Worth Zoning Map. North is clearly to the right. The areas with color are in the City of Lake Worth. Areas in white are either suburban Lake Worth, Lantana, or West Palm Beach, to name a few. Note that Lake Worth is bordered (with a few exceptions) by water on three sides: the Lake Worth Lagoon, C-51 Canal, the E-4 (Keller) Canal, and John Prince Park (Lake Osborne). I'll deal with the southern border later. This is the area governed by the Lake Worth City Commission.

To keep it simple we'll deal with the City of Lake Worth in two parts: the North and South. For this discussion we'll divide Lake Worth in half at Lake Worth Road. Here is a Google map of north Lake Worth:
As you can see, the C-51 Canal is the northern border of Lake Worth and the western border roughly follows the E-4 Canal. The dashed red line denotes the border of the city. Note the southwestern area of the map. This is referred to by many as the Park of Commerce. As time goes by, some or most of these areas will be annexed into the city. This is one area of the city where the news media can be given some leeway in their reporting. The following is a zoning map of the Park of Commerce. It's ragged edge allows for some ambiguity. Note areas that are in the City and other areas that are unincorporated and governed by Palm Beach County (in white):
Class, let us proceed to the southern part of Lake Worth. Here is a Google map that shows the boundaries of south Lake Worth. The western border is Lake Osborne Drive until you come to High Ridge Road. Once on High Ridge Road though the city border ends on Lake Geneva Drive, heading east. In the southeast part of the city, the city border is 18th Ave South.

Added later: As people are reading this, some have noticed that it says southern Lake Worth ends at Lake Geneva Dr. But it's actually the next street, Nanette, that divides properties on one side of the street as Lake Worth and properties across the street as unincorporated PBC.
Like the western part of Lake Worth, the southern area has some anomalies also. The most interesting is this one:
There happens to be a small part of unincorporated county within the City of Lake Worth. This is called a "finger" in this configuration, or an "enclave" when it is surrounded on all sides by a municipality. If you happen to drive down Lake Osborne Drive and turn onto Collier Ave you are in the City of Lake Worth (the 2100 block). If you continue to the next block east on Collier Ave (the 2000 block) you are now in the county once again (shown in white with surrounding shaded areas). The white square area south of Collier Ave is called the Sunset Property. It should be permanently shown in gray in honor of its limbo status.

I conclude the session with this: With a few exceptions and some curious anomalies, the border of the City of Lake Worth is clear. Anything outside of Lake Worth should be referred to as either "Suburban Lake Worth" or "Unincorporated Palm Beach County". Just because somebody has a Lake Worth mailing address is insignificant, misleading and detracts from whatever "brand building" the city is trying to do.

If you're not sure if you're in the City or not? Ask somebody. Or go to the property appraiser's website and do a search for your property or any property in question. Look at the first two digits of the parcel identification number. If the first two digits of the group of numbers is "38" - congratulations! That property is in the City of Lake Worth. If the first two digits are "00" - congratulations! That property is in unincorporated Palm Beach County. When there are any other numbers other than those as the first two digits, the property is in another "incorporated" area, meaning it is within the limits of a city.

This is where you cue the discussion on whether or not we should change the city's name to Lake Worth Beach, Jewel or another name. I think that discussion will continue on for a while before anything is done about it.

To the media who cares, the citizens of the City of Lake Worth would appreciate your cooperation and factual reporting. Learning the importance of where you are reporting from would have been covered in your journalism classes, no?

Class dismissed. Say tuned for a more intricate discussion of utility services areas that do not match municipal boundaries!

"Hmmm, I keep hearing about something called the Lake Worth 'Park of Commerce'. Is this some new idea in town?"

Is the City's Park of Commerce (POC) a new idea? The answer is No. Not even close. Past city commissions have tried, and failed, to make this area a major contributor to the City's commercial tax base giving homeowners less of a tax burden. Some former elected leaders were so desperate to have something happen there, anything, that a chicken farm was offered as an idea. Luckily, that idea didn't go far.
This image will surprise you and will be explained later in this blog post.
Everyone has to be reminded from time to time that there are many new residents in the City. If they're not mindful where they get their information from they'll be easily confused by "facts" on other blogs, social media, or even news reporters that don't understand the entire story.

You may have heard this recent news about the Economic Development Administration (EDA) grant for $1.4 million. So, where exactly is the POC?
To see this map for yourself go to the City's zoning map. And while you're at it you can see how your neighborhood is zoned.
In the image above is the POC area: Roughly it's the dark shaded area west of Boutwell Rd., east of the E-4 (Keller) Canal, north of Lake Worth Rd. (John Prince Park) and south of 10th Ave. North.

Now that you understand where the POC is, how long has this been a matter of debate in the City? Let's look at just one example of many:
The Lake Worth Park of Commerce Citizen's Master Plan, Charrette Draft Report prepared by the TCRPC in October 2001.
Fifteen years ago. I have this original report prepared by the Treasure Coast Regional Planning Council (TCRPC); if you would like to borrow it let me know (my email address is in the right-hand column of this blog). Here is another image from the report:
Recognize anyone?
There are names throughout this document many of you will recognize. Enjoy this charming video I did of the POC back in 2014, a small area in the City of Lake Worth with so much "potential", or the word some like to refer as the "P-word":

Very timely indeed. News from The Lake Worth Herald: National expert to speak at PBSC on ethics and the media

This news couldn't come at a better time for cities like Lake Worth that have crucial votes upcoming. The reporting by The Palm Beach Post and others like CBS12/WPEC leading up to the 2014 bond vote, which lost by just 25 votes, was legendarily bad. Would accurate, unbiased news reporting have resulted in a different outcome? That's hard to tell. But now that we're heading into another bond vote to fix our roads things do not look promising.

Below are excerpts from this week's (7/28) Lake Worth Herald on a visit by a member of the Poynter Institute to talk about "traditional journalism and its ethics" (links added; registration information at end):

     Palm Beach State College’s [PBSC] Center for Applied Ethics will host award-winning journalist Al Tompkins in an engaging, interactive session exploring the challenges journalists face today that are transforming the foundations of traditional journalism and its ethics. Titled, “Navigating the News in the New Normal,” the presentation will be held from 2:30 to 4 p.m. Monday, Aug. 8 at the Public Safety Training Center Conference Room 108 on the College’s Lake Worth campus. The event is free and open to the public. [emphasis added]

[and. . .]

     “We live in a media saturated world and are consuming more than ever before,” said Kim Ardila-Morgan, director of PBSC’s Center for Applied Ethics. “Therefore, it’s important to not only recognize the kinds of content you’re reading, but to analyze its sources and evidence so as not to be misled. Al will not only help attendees learn how to look at a story differently, but discover the deeper, more critical questions that consumers should be asking.” 
     Tompkins is The Poynter Institute’s senior faculty for broadcast and online in St. Petersburg. He has 43 years of experience as a reporter, investigative reporter, producer, photojournalist and news director. He helped author the national codes of ethics for both the National Press Photographers Association and the Radio and Television Digital News Association.

[and. . .]

     During his two and a half decades as a journalist, Tompkins won a National Emmy Award, Peabody Award, the Japan Prize, the American Bar Association’s Silver Gavel for Court Reporting, seven National Headliner Awards, two Iris Awards and the Robert F. Kennedy Award. Tompkins is also the author of “Aim For The Heart: A Guide for TV Producers and Reporters,” which was adopted by more than 150 universities worldwide as their main broadcast writing textbook.

Registration information:
Call 561-868-3545
Email: ethicscenter@palmbeachstate.edu
Or register using this link

Thursday, July 28, 2016

[A Look Back] Interview with CEO Matt Constantine at Adopt-A-Family of The Palm Beaches

This interview from December 2015 takes on all new significance following Lake Worth Commissioner Ryan Maier's recent irresponsible and outrageous comments about Adopt-A-Family's efforts in the City being some sort of grand conspiracy to steal people's homes.

Now, if you follow Maier's twisted logic, the new definition of 'gentrification' is repairing windows, fixing the A/C, installing a washer and dryer, workable toilets and a shower for elderly people and poor families. The blog post published last year on Christmas Day follows:

The Post's Kevin Thompson interviewed Matt Constantine from Adopt-A-Family located in Lake Worth (1712 2nd Avenue North, 561-253-1361). I've known Matt for quite some time and many of you will remember him as a long-time CRA board member here in the City. The article is on-line to read in full. Here is an excerpt from the article:

Q: What are some of the services the agency provides?
A: We provide service in three tiers — families who are homeless, families at risk to becoming homeless and a program aimed for kids. We offer housing and such supportive services as social- and health-management workers. We try to wrap around the entire picture of what’s going on with that family so we can offer a solution. 

[and. . .] 

Q: How often do you work with Lake Worth families?
A: A ton. I would estimate at least 25 to 35 percent of the families we serve are from Lake Worth. We’ve become a proud member of this city and always have been welcomed with open arms.

To "Follow" Adopt-A-Family on Twitter click on the Follow icon below:
If you have community news or wish to promote an upcoming event in the City of Lake Worth, suburban Lake Worth, the Lake Worth Corridor, and Greenacres here is how you contact the Post reporter:
Email: kthompson@pbpost.com
561-820-4573
Twitter: @kevindthompson1

Quiz: In what city is the Lake Worth campus of Palm Beach State College and John Prince Park located?

If you've already taken this quiz please scroll down for new content and Thank You for visiting.

First, unless you already know the answer, the question in the title is a trick one. The little City of Lake Worth has many new residents and this is a way to inform residents of the City's municipal borders. As far as the news media is concerned, look in the right-hand column for False media 'news' of crime & incidents "in Lake Worth" continue or use this link.

So. . . Where are the Lake Worth Campus of Palm Beach State College and John Prince Park located?
  1. In Lake Worth (or City of Lake Worth)?
  2. In suburban Lake Worth (the vast areas west of the City that have a "Lake Worth" zip code?)
  3. Outside City limits of Lake Worth?
  4. Unincorporated Palm Beach County?
  5. Or "Western Lake Worth"?
Here is a map to use for reference:
This might aid in finding the correct answer.
Not sure of the answer? Think about it as you enjoy the music from the show Jeopardy:
Still need more time?
If you chose #2, #3, or #4 or any combination of those answers YOU ARE CORRECT! If you chose #1 or #5 you are wrong. The term "Western Lake Worth" is a new, and false, designation some in the media have come up with recently.

Hope you enjoyed taking the quiz!

*For the most part NBC5/WPTV does their due diligence and reports locations correctly. The same can't be said for CBS12/WPEC and ABC25/WPBF.

Historical Lake Worth Beach and Casino Pictures/Postcards








Palm Beach Post editorial board got it wrong. Again. It's not PBC School Superintendant Robert Avossa the public doesn't trust. It's you.

Here is an excerpt from yesterday's Post editorial:

As school officials have surely noticed, this is a year in which voters everywhere are slow to trust government — especially with their tax dollars.

Below is an excerpt from a blog post earlier in the week titled, "THE CASE AGAINST THE MEDIA. BY THE MEDIA":

Today, the only institutions Americans have less faith in than television news (21 percent) and newspapers (20 percent) are Congress and “big business.” That’s pretty damn low — humiliatingly low, especially for a group of people who fancy themselves members of “the Fourth Estate.”
To get some idea of the challenges faced by the Palm Beach County School District, in just one (1) little 6 square mile city called Lake Worth, this video of School Board Member Erica Whitfield at the City Commission in December of last year may offer some insight to the editor(s):

Historical perspective on Lake Worth: Information sent to me in 2010 from Capt. William Stafford (Ret.)

Below is one of the most-read blog posts this year. You can draw your own conclusions as to why. Please continue reading and keep in mind all those people that continue to live with substandard streets in Lake Worth and many are just now getting adequate street lighting, something most of us take for granted to keep the public safe at night. We like to think our City is "Progressive." How 'Progressive' are we really when we can't all agree on a $40 million bond to fix the roads? A common process that cities all across this nation do all the time for their citizens. 

"He [former Lake Worth Mayor Jim Stafford] was also quietly instrumental in getting rid of the rest of the Jim Crow ordinances in his administration and bringing in city water and paved streets to what was then considered to be 'colored town'."

The entire letter follows:

Capt. Wm. S. Stafford (Ret.)
Master of Science Degree (AvSciTech)
Commercial Pilot ASMEL
Instrument Airplane
FCF Flight Engineer C-130B, E & H
Airframe Mechanic
Royal New Zealand Coast Guard Boatmaster #37155

Canterbury,
South Island,
NEW ZEALAND

20 January 2010

Mr. Wes Blackman

Dear Wes;

I visited your blog site last night and found it quite interesting.

I also found the historical slide show [see below] of Lake Worth that you put together with what appears to be sincere dedication and due diligence on your part even more fascinating. Well done!

Thank you for making the images available to former Lake Worth residents. Many of those sights I had only in my fading memory from years ago, but seeing them again really balances the perspective of the ‘then & now’ factor in the element of times passed.

My father was Jim Stafford; by that I mean Lake Worth’s then-youngest mayor who was elected in 1953. Dad was instrumental in many now-forgotten improvements in the Lake Worth of the 1950’s & 60’s. He worked with Russell & Axon Consulting Engineers in the context of better water quality, water treatment, and electrical power. I’ll send you his obituary shortly.

My grandfather was William M. Stafford, the owner and publisher of the long-gone Lake Worth Leader newspaper. He purchased the newspaper from P.O. Gorder in 1922. My family of Staffords from that era saw the Florida land boom, the bust, and survived the 1928 hurricane on what is now 7th Avenue North & North ‘K’ Street. He was referred to by his family as 'Chief', He was appointed Fire Chief of the Everglades Fire Control District on 7 December 1941.

He closed-up the Lake Worth Leader in either the late 40's or early 50's, and went to work for the Palm Beach Post Times, retiring in 1964. He passed away 30 October 1981 at age 93. He was an avid hunter, fisherman and taught me about practical survival living in the Everglades.

I donated a few items to the Museum of Lake Worth, and I enjoyed seeing Beverly Mustaine. I do hope that she in time will cover Lake Worth’s next 50 year period in history from the 1940’s to the 1990’s with a follow-on book to her original.

I recently wrote to Eliot Kleinberg and Lake Worth resident Robert Mykle congratulating them on their books of historical record concerning the 1928 hurricane.

I have also been in touch with Jim Stafford (Lake Worth Talk) and his dad Larry in the recent past. The parallels of our different family lines are coincidental and amazing.

I was born in WPB, then raised and schooled in the Lake Worth of the late 50’s and 60’s. I attended Barton Elementary, and the now-gone Lake Worth Junior High School, and LWHS Class of ’73.

My time in Lake Worth was simply due to my parents living there. I consider Okeechobee and Buckhead Ridge to be my U.S. home beginning when I was 10 years old. LW and Okeechobee are very different worlds when compared to each other.

I left LW in 1973, volunteering for service in the USAF whilst Vietnam was still ongoing. I retired in 1990 as a Service-Connected Disabled Veteran. I flew C-130's and simultaneously held part time jobs in General Aviation.

My Mother taught at Forest Hill High School, (1958-1982) where Jim’s mom Mayra is now the principal.

As I have read the blogs, LW websites, etc., much of the same political and socio mechanisms never seem to change. This adds credence to the observed phrase that “The more things change, the more they stay the same”.

BTW, my Dad and attorney Bill Martin were great friends. Is this the same Bill Martin who wrote in your blog?

With regards to the Lake Worth Casino, I believe that Dad had a bond issue to upgrade the Casino in the early to mid 1950’s. I remember going there in the early 60’s and distinctly remember the pools being salt water. The wooden pier came a few years later.

Dad also had larger water mains installed downtown, thus lowering the fire insurance rates, and gave Lake Worth the best drinking water in the State, and their own affordable electricity from the city-owned diesel generators. He was also quietly instrumental in getting rid of the rest of the Jim Crow ordinances in his administration and bringing in city water and paved streets to what was then considered to be 'colored town'. The museum has quite a bit on file, as does the city historian, I’m sure.

Anyway, thanks for uploading the photos.

Cheers from New Zealand

Kind Regards,

Will

[Here is the video referenced above, uploaded to YouTube on November 30th, 2008.]